New research project SeaClear launched
Today's oceans contain 26-66 million tons of waste, with approximately 94% located on the seafloor. So far, collection efforts have focused mostly on surface waste, with only a few local efforts to gather underwater waste, always involving human divers. No solution exists that exploits autonomous robots for underwater litter collection. A team of researchers in a consortium of eight European partners from Germany, the Netherlands, Croatia, France, and Romania, are now working on the development of autonomous robots for underwater littler collection. The objective of SeaClear - acronym for “SEarch, identificAtion, and Collection of marine LittEr with Autonomous Robots” - is to operate the robots autonomously, without remote human intervention. The consortium plans novel developments in debris mapping, classification, and robot control. When fully operational, the SeaClear system aims to detect and classify underwater litter with 80% success rate, and to collect it with a 90% success rate.
EmissionSEA - Determination und reduction of CO2 emissions from ships
The EU is collecting all data that can contribute to measurably reducing emissions from shipping in a novel system for monitoring, reporting and verification, the so-called MRV (Monitoring, Reporting,
Verification)-system. For each individual ship a specific Monitoring Plan had to be submitted to an independent verifier as early as 2017. And since January 1, 2018, shipowners have been obliged
to report the CO2-emissions of their ships during their voyages to and from the EU and within European waters. Not only the fuel consumption of the main engine, but also the consumption of auxiliary
equipment, hot water preparation etc. must be taken into account. The first emission reports had to be submitted to the EU by April 30, 2019. This is not an easy task for companies, as there are still no reliable methods for determining CO2-emissions. The data sources to be used are documents on fuel deliveries, estimates of fuel consumption on board, flow measurements or direct CO2-emission measurements. In order to support shipping companies in this task, the CML together with the Wismar University of Applied Sciences, the JAKOTA Design Group, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the project manager JAKOTA Cruise Systems is developing a software prototype for calculating CO2-emissions. The AIS (Automatic Identification System) data of the ships are used as well as information from the weather service to derive fuel consumption and emissions from speed and external influences. The results can then serve as a reference for the shipping companies‘ calculations. EmissionSEA is funded by the BMVI over a duration of three years.